I've got a feeling far more packages were removed than what you have shown here.
I myself have this suspicion.
I have a copy of vl-light I installed from the live cd. To recreate your experience I opened GSlapt and asked it to remove alsa-lib 1.0.18-i586-1vl60. I then clicked 'Execute'. The next window give the information of what is going to removed...it was telling me by just selecting alsa-lib~ that gslapt was going to remove 52 packages.
So it is!...but..but, that wasnt so before lol.
Srlsly, unless I'm going mad, it didnt list that it was going to remove all those before.
But that ASIDE.
WHY, would removing alsa-lib require me to remove lynx, man, gnome mount for example??
It should resolve dependencies better than that.
My experience is that GSlapt or Slapt-get is a poor way to remove packages.
It really seems to be the case.
That said, I have to ask what motivated you to remove the alsa sound system in it's entirety
Its the second I've done it actually, For nothing in the name of alsa was working. It complained about modules, and problem inserting them (on playing audio) - saying they were for the wrong version.
(during compile, compiler make would point to Mod version "0.0.0" - random. And reinstalling kernel-headers / source didnt help.
So, I decided, and the recommendation of roarde, that I (again...) de-install/reinstall alsa. And sound, after perhaps 2 months, was restored.
By this time, I must admit I had reached frustration.
I can boot into GUI fine. And I installed from the installer disk.