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Author Topic: how can I allow another user to "sudo" anything root can do?  (Read 2924 times)
majinzero
Member
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Posts: 11


« on: May 20, 2007, 06:51:56 pm »

I have another user account, not root, and whenever I sudo something; it says I do not have the appropriate permissions. How can that be changed?
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GrannyGeek
Packager
Vectorian
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Posts: 2567


« Reply #1 on: May 20, 2007, 07:58:30 pm »

Why are you using sudo? Perhaps you are used to Ubuntu.

In VectorLinux, if you as user need to do something that requires root, use su. Open a terminal and type
su
at the prompt. Then type the root password. You can now run commands reserved for root and do other root things, such as edit system files, create directories somewhere other than in your home directory, install software system wide, etc.

When you're finished with whatever you need to do, type
exit
at the terminal prompt. That will return you to your user account.

If the situation is that you want your user to be able to do some things that require root privileges without revealing the root password to that user, you can add the user to groups that have permission to do the desired things. If that's not enough, you as root can edit /etc/sudoers to let a particular user sudo to have access to some commands.

I don't know much about editing /etc/sudoers, so if you need more information about that, someone else will have to step in.
--GrannyGeek
« Last Edit: May 20, 2007, 08:06:01 pm by GrannyGeek » Logged

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saulgoode
Vectorite
***
Posts: 340



« Reply #2 on: May 21, 2007, 12:38:35 am »

You can add a line such as:

majinzero   ALL=NOPASSWD:ALL

to your '/etc/sudoers' file and then the user named "majinzero" will be able to perform operations as root using the 'sudo' command.

The 'sudoers' file is fairly well commented and you should be able to figure out the other options available to you. See also the manual page on "sudoers".
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forbajato
Packager
Member
****
Posts: 46


« Reply #3 on: May 21, 2007, 06:17:35 am »

Note that to edit the /etc/sudoers file you will need to be root and use visudo rather than your usual editor - sudoers file won't allow any other editor to change it.

forbajato
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Joe1962
Administrator
Vectorian
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Posts: 2499



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« Reply #4 on: May 21, 2007, 08:54:06 am »

Note that to edit the /etc/sudoers file you will need to be root and use visudo rather than your usual editor - sudoers file won't allow any other editor to change it.
Actually, you can use any editor you want, but it's supposed to be very dangerous not to use visudo. The word is you can leave your system inaccessible with a bad sudo file and visudo checks the format before saving. That said, I only tried visudo once or twice before starting to use mcedit, kate, mousepad, or whatever... Roll Eyes
« Last Edit: May 21, 2007, 09:02:10 am by Joe1962 » Logged

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Triarius Fidelis
Vecteloper
Vectorian
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Posts: 2399


Domine, exaudi vocem meam


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« Reply #5 on: May 21, 2007, 07:14:56 pm »

You can have your cake and eat it, too. Just set $VISUAL or $EDITOR to program of choice.

(Myself, I'm fine with using the crappy vi clone we have by default...)
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