I am not sure of your question. Usually when you do an update things that
are kernel specific like alsa are not upgraded, if they are it is for the
kernel that was on the original install. That would be since the kernel
is excluded by default.
It would be possible to do all of the updates, but then you would not
have as much control. Debian as far as I know does this (I am not familiar
enough with Debian to speak with any authority) so that all upgrades work.